\documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{cite} \usepackage{latexsym} \title{Title of Your Paper} \author{Your Name \\ Your affiliation \\ email: [email protected]} \date{latest date} \begin{document} \maketitle \begin{abstract} A paper should begin with an insightful abstract, written in plain English and containing no references. It should state clearly the problem under consideration, the motivation for that problem, what you have achieved and how, and why your results are interesting. All this in one paragraph too! \end{abstract} {\bf Keywords:} List, some, keywords, here. {\bf CR Classification:} A.1, B.2, C.3. \section{Introduction} Here we motivate the problem from scratch. Usually a concrete example will do this well. The first paragraph sets the scene and states the problem explicitly. It sets up the second paragraph, which will state explicitly your hypothesis for solving it. Now comes a short, sharp and succinct exposition of your approach. For example, ``It thus seems reasonable to conjecture that a combination of the X algorithm and the Y algorithm would produce superior results to either algorithm on its own. We show that this is indeed the case, and prove that the combined algorithm has complexity, on the average, that is an order of magnitude better than either the X or the Y algorithm.'' Then there is a bit more motivation, linking the problem to other researchers, but not in detail. You also talk in a general way about the methodology you have employed to solve the problem. The final paragraph should give the conclusions of your paper. Something like ``We conclude that the combined X-Y algorithm is better suited to robot control problems than either the X algorithm or the Y algorithm'' would be appropriate. \section{Previous and related work} Now comes the time to start citing lots of papers. You do this by telling the scientific story, actively mentioning researchers by name~\cite{Bloggs, Bill, Barney} in a specific area, and what they have done~\cite{Sim}. Other researchers using different approaches can also be added~\cite{Smith, Jones}. It is good to try to develop a top-down classification of previous work---thus see the sections below. \subsection{One approach} Here we do some more citing~\cite{Wilbur, Jim} and explaining. \subsection{And another} A different approach~\cite{Megg, Lee} is described here. \subsection{Tying the approaches together} A top-down view of the literature is presented, and your own work~\cite{Me1, Me2} is placed into context. \section{Methodology} Lots of background material~\cite{Du}, explanations of the theory~\cite{Fourier}, how the algorithm works, and what the appropriate theorems are etc. goes here. This is a section in which you are likely to use various mathematical symbols, as you describe the theory behind your work. You can put maths into a sentence very simply, for example $x = y^2 - 2$, or you can create an equation as follows: \begin{equation} x = y^2 - 2 \end{equation} Don't forget that mathematical symbols and equations form part of the sentence structure, so maintain normal English syntax and grammar throughout your constructions. Here might be a good place to put in a diagram or two, although \LaTeX\/ might not necessarily put them right here! \begin{figure}[htbp] \par \centerline{\psfig{figure=vdu.ps}} \par \caption{Figure 1 is here and it illustrates an important point in the paper. Notice that captions are proper constructs in English too---they start with capital letters and end with full stops.} \end{figure} \section{Implementation} Describe how you went about testing the hypothesis that you have stated in the introduction. What equipment did you use? Were there any parameter values you used? Give enough detail so that others can replicate your work. \section{Results} Carefully outline each experiment: what was its purpose, and what precisely did you find? Sometimes it is easiest to display your results in tabular form, nut note that tables are also floating environments in \LaTeX\/, so they don't always end up where you want them to be! \begin{table}[htbp] \caption{A very interesting table of tens.} \begin{center} \begin{tabular}{|l|c|l|} \hline item1 & 10 & integer \\ item2 & 10.0 & float \\ item3 & `ten' & char \\ item4 & 1010 & binary \\ item5 & $10 + i0$ & complex \\ \hline \end{tabular} \end{center} \end{table} \section{Conclusion} Every research paper should answer the following questions: \begin{itemize} \item What did you do? \item Why did you do it? \item What happened? \item What do the results mean? \item What is your work good for? \end{itemize} Make sure that your conclusion leaves the reader with the answers to these questions clearly in mind. \section*{Acknowledgements} Acknowledge any help you might have had, either technical of financial. \section{References} %Don't use this line, but use BiBTeX instead. Here should appear all the references that you cite in your paper. Check {\em very}\/ carefully that you have no typographical errors---they are very easy to make here! \bibliographystyle{plain} \bibliography{ref} \end{document}