\documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage{latexsym}

\title{Title of Your Paper}
\author{Your Name \\
Your affiliation \\
email: [email protected]}

\date{latest date}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\begin{abstract}

A paper should begin with an insightful abstract, written in plain
English and containing no references. It should state clearly the
problem under consideration, the motivation for that problem, what you
have achieved and how, and why your results are interesting.  All this
in one paragraph too!

\end{abstract}

{\bf Keywords:} List, some, keywords, here.

{\bf CR Classification:} A.1, B.2, C.3.

\section{Introduction}

Here we motivate the problem from scratch. Usually a concrete
example will do this well. The first paragraph sets the scene
and states the problem explicitly. It sets up the second paragraph,
which will state explicitly your hypothesis for solving it.

Now comes a short, sharp and succinct exposition of your approach.
For example, ``It thus seems reasonable to conjecture that a
combination of the X algorithm and the Y algorithm would produce
superior results to either algorithm on its own. We show that this is
indeed the case, and prove that the combined algorithm has complexity,
on the average, that is an order of magnitude better than either the X
or the Y algorithm.''

Then there is a bit more motivation, linking the problem to other
researchers, but not in detail. You also talk in a general way about
the methodology you have employed to solve the problem.

The final paragraph should give the conclusions of your
paper. Something like ``We conclude that the combined X-Y algorithm is
better suited to robot control problems than either the X algorithm or
the Y algorithm'' would be appropriate.

\section{Previous and related work}

Now comes the time to start citing lots of papers. You do this
by telling the scientific story, actively mentioning researchers
by name~\cite{Bloggs, Bill, Barney} in a specific area, and what they
have done~\cite{Sim}. Other researchers using different approaches can
also be added~\cite{Smith, Jones}. It is good to try to develop a top-down
classification of previous work---thus see the sections below.

\subsection{One approach}

Here we do some more citing~\cite{Wilbur, Jim} and explaining.

\subsection{And another}

A different approach~\cite{Megg, Lee} is described here.

\subsection{Tying the approaches together}

A top-down view of the literature is presented, and your own
work~\cite{Me1, Me2} is placed into context.

\section{Methodology}

Lots of background material~\cite{Du}, explanations of the
theory~\cite{Fourier}, how the algorithm works, and what the
appropriate theorems are etc. goes here.

This is a section in which you are likely to use various mathematical
symbols, as you describe the theory behind your work. You can put
maths into a sentence very simply, for example $x = y^2 - 2$, or
you can create an equation as follows:

\begin{equation}
x = y^2 - 2
\end{equation}

Don't forget that mathematical symbols and equations form part of the sentence
structure, so maintain normal English syntax and grammar throughout
your constructions.

Here might be a good place to put in a diagram or two, although \LaTeX\/
might not necessarily put them right here!

\begin{figure}[htbp]
\par
\centerline{\psfig{figure=vdu.ps}}
\par
\caption{Figure 1 is here and it illustrates an important point in the paper.
Notice that captions are proper constructs in English too---they start with
capital letters and end with full stops.}
\end{figure}

\section{Implementation}

Describe how you went about testing the hypothesis that you have stated
in the introduction. What equipment did you use? Were there any parameter
values you used? Give enough detail so that others can replicate your work.

\section{Results}

Carefully outline each experiment: what was its purpose, and what
precisely did you find? Sometimes it is easiest to display your
results in tabular form, nut note that tables are also floating
environments in \LaTeX\/, so they don't always end up where you want
them to be!

\begin{table}[htbp]
\caption{A very interesting table of tens.}
\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{|l|c|l|} \hline
item1 & 10 & integer \\
item2 & 10.0 & float \\
item3 & `ten' & char \\
item4 & 1010 & binary \\
item5 & $10 + i0$ & complex \\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{center}
\end{table}

\section{Conclusion}

Every research paper should answer the following questions:

\begin{itemize}
\item What did you do?
\item Why did you do it?
\item What happened?
\item What do the results mean?
\item What is your work good for?
\end{itemize}

Make sure that your conclusion leaves the reader with the answers
to these questions clearly in mind.

\section*{Acknowledgements}

Acknowledge any help you might have had, either technical of financial.

\section{References}  %Don't use this line, but use BiBTeX instead.

Here should appear all the references that you cite in your paper.
Check {\em very}\/ carefully that you have no typographical errors---they
are very easy to make here!

\bibliographystyle{plain}

\bibliography{ref}

\end{document}